Diverticulitis is known as a western disease and extremely common
Prevention is better than cureNot eating enough fibre is a common problem in countries where much of the population eats processed foods.
Eating more fibre, fresh vegetables and bran products can help.
Water is also important most people do not consume enough water is essential for all body processes
Constipation puts strain on your muscles during a bowel movement. Constant strain can increase your risk of developing diverticula in your colon. Once diverticula appear, it’s much more likely that bacterial infections or stool can get into the diverticula and inflame or infect them, causing diverticulitis.
Being obese increases your risk of getting diverticulitis. Studies have shown that a high body mass index (BMI) and waist measurement contributed to diverticular bleeding and diverticulitis.
Regular exercise is important to keep the abdominal muscles toned, this aids digestion and peristalsis i.e passage of food processed through the gut
People aged over 60 are more likely to develop diverticulitis, this could be related to the weakening of the bowels over time.
SymptomsSudden pain on the lower left side of the abdomen is the most common and most severe sign of diverticulitis. This pain can get worse over a few days.
Other signs of diverticulitis are:
• abdominal pain and tenderness, usually on the lower left side
• gas or bloating
• loss of appetite
• rectal bleeding that’s usually bright red
Establish a regular bowel routine by spending at least 10 minutes a day trying to have a bowel movement at approximately the same time.
In rare cases surgery may be needed where parts of the affected intestines require to be removed or an abscess excised